Minoxidil: A Treatment Against Alopecia (hair loss)

Minoxidil, like all medicines, can cause side effects. Among the most common side effects are those that affect the skin.

Minoxidil is a medicine that is used today to stimulate hair growth and slow down hair loss.

In its early days, this drug was administered orally to treat high blood pressure because of its vasodilator effect . In some patients, the appearance of down has been observed as a side effect. Thanks to this observation, an enriched master formula in the form of a hydro-alcoholic solution intended for a topical application has been created to treat cases of alopecia.

Minoxidil is an effective medicine to treat androgenetic alopecia, which is more commonly known as baldness.

The characteristics of minoxidil:

This medication can be given to both men and women to treat hair loss or alopecia. The general recommendation is 5% for men and 3-4% for women, to avoid the appearance of facial hair .

Concentrations of 2% are also possible. In this case, the patient must make two applications per day. The recommended dose is 2 ml per day, which corresponds to about 10-12 sprays.

In addition to the different concentrations mentioned, minoxidil is also found in various commercial presentations, as well as under different commercial names.

Lotion is the most used pharmaceutical presentation. Nevertheless, it should also be noted that minoxidil in the form of foam is a new presentation that is becoming more and more popular.

What are the causes of alopecia?

Alopecia refers to a loss of capillary density. This is a very common medical problem. Statistical data indicate that alopecia affect more than 50% of men and 30% of women in their lifetime.

It is a disease that can dramatically affect the quality of life of patients who suffer from it. It is therefore important not to consider alopecia as a purely aesthetic disease. This disease must receive appropriate medical attention to prevent patients from suffering from associated psychological disorders.

At present, more than 100 types of alopecia are known. The most common is the one we mentioned above, namely androgenic alopecia. The hormonal changes are the root cause of this type of alopecia. Nevertheless, this is not the only cause; other causes can affect hair loss. These causes are as follows:

  • food
  • physical or emotional stress
  • anemia or lack of iron
  • immune diseases
  • alterations in the thyroid gland
  • some drugs

Since the causes of alopecia are numerous, it is important to establish an appropriate medical diagnosis. A good medical diagnosis makes it possible to prescribe the most appropriate treatment for each case.

The symptoms of alopecia:

The most characteristic symptom of alopecia is the loss of capillary density. It also sometimes happens that the patient experiences a significant hair loss. Nevertheless, hair loss, even important, does not always mean that one suffers from alopecia.

In men, the loss of capillary density first affects the forehead and the skull. In women, it is the area of ​​the ray that is first affected.

In addition, some types of alopecia can cause other discomforts such as itching and even pain.

How to prevent alopecia?

Healthy lifestyle can prevent hair loss. Tobacco, poor nutrition, and excessive sun exposure do not promote good hair health, for example.

At present, there is no effective medical treatment that can prevent alopecia. The most useful preventative measure to improve the prognosis of the hair is then to establish an adequate diagnosis in order to be able to follow an early treatment, namely from the first warning signals of alopecia.

Side effects of minoxidil in the body:

Minoxidil, like all medicines, can cause side effects in the body. Among the most common side effects are those that affect the skin. These effects are as follows:

  • pruritus
  • dermatitis
  • drought
  • skin irritation
  • eczema
  • hypertrichosis

Normally, these side effects are mild or moderate and, once treatment is interrupted, they disappear. These effects depend on the dose prescribed and the route of administration.

Statistical data on the incidence of side effects were obtained from data collected in 1932 in patients who received treatment with minoxidil 50 mg / ml. The same is true for post-marketing data.

Minoxidil is a useful medicine to treat alopecia. If you have any doubt, do not hesitate to consult a doctor or pharmacist. Also, follow the instructions for administering the drug.